Where do arctic tern migrate?

Arctic Tern. An arctic tern soars over Iceland. These small birds have one of the longest annual migrations of any animal on Earth. Every year, arctic terns migrate from the Arctic Circle to the Antarctic Circle—a round-trip journey of about 30,000 kilometers (18,641 miles).

Where do Arctic terns go in winter?

They breed in the Arctic and use Antarctica as the wintering grounds (though it is the Antarctic summer!). The flying abilities of Arctic terns are amongst the most astonishing of any birds.

Where do terns migrate?

The majority of European Common Terns (Sterna hirundo) migrate south along the western coast of Europe and Africa, while birds from eastern regions are known to cross the Mediterranean Sea from east to west or migrate along the eastern African coast.

Do Arctic terns migrate in groups?

They breed on the coasts and tundra of Arctic and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America, then follow the sun and fair weather on their yearly journey to the Antarctic Circle—a trip that takes a couple of months. Arctic terns migrate in groups known as colonies.

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What month do Arctic terns migrate?

The terns reach their breeding grounds by May or early June, where each female lays one to three eggs in a shallow scrape in the ground. The young can fly after 21–24 days, but usually stay with their parents for a further month or two. The journey back south takes place between late July and early October.

Do birds migrate to Antarctica?

These small birds have one of the longest annual migrations of any animal on Earth. Every year, arctic terns migrate from the Arctic Circle to the Antarctic Circle—a round-trip journey of about 30,000 kilometers (18,641 miles).

How long does it take an Arctic tern to migrate?

Uneven migration speeds

The terns covered the 25,700 km from the winter site north to 60º N in an average of 40 days.

Where do terns go in winter?

After the breeding season, the terns migrate south to spend their winter along the coasts of the tropics and the southern hemisphere in areas including Africa, South America and South-east Asia. They have one of the longest migrations of all birds, with an average round trip of 35,000km each year.

Which bird travels from Europe to Africa every winter?

The most famous are long distance migrants, such as swallows, which breed in Europe and spend the winter in Africa.

Why do birds migrate to the Arctic?

Scientists have long assumed that birds make these trips because summering grounds at the top of the world offers some advantage. … Titled “Lower Predation Risk for Migratory Birds at High Latitudes,” the study finds that, the farther north birds go in the Arctic, the lower the risk of predation.

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Do arctic terns mate for life?

Arctic terns mate for life and form large breeding colonies where several pairs nest together. Each Arctic summer, these birds return to their preferred nesting areas, find their mates, and breed.

What eats the Arctic tern?

Do Arctic terns have any natural predators? Eggs, chicks, and adult Arctic terns that are nesting on the ground are vulnerable to foxes, cats, and large birds such as skuas, gulls, and petrels.

Population movement