The novel is told from the third person point of view of three young adults – Josef, Isabel, and Mahmoud in that order. The story is broken into different perspectives from each of them and moves forward in time from the start of each of their stories.
Who is the narrator in the book Refugee?
Narration alternates between three narrators: Josef, fleeing Nazi Germany on the SS St. Louis, Isabel, sailing from Cuba to Florida on a poorly constructed boat, and Mahmoud, seeking asylum in Germany after escaping from war torn Syria.
What is a theme for Refugee?
The main themes in Refugee are trauma and growing up, the dehumanization of refugees, and empathy and hope. Trauma and growing up: The novel highlights the cruelty of having to become an adult too quickly in order to survive.
What is the exposition of the book Refugee?
The exposition of this story is when the book introduces the three main characters and their problems in the countries they live in. For example, one of the characters, named Isabel, has a overly controlling leader.
What is Alan Gratz writing style?
Gratz has a unique writing style. He knows the basic outline of the book before he actually writes it. Then he works to develop the story further, by pinning note cards with details and characters on a bulletin board. After that he writes the book.
Does Josef die in refugee?
Josef sacrifices himself in order to relieve his mother from the burden of this choice and to spare Ruthie from the concentration camps. Josef later dies in the camps, along with his mother.
Who is Josef in refugee?
Josef Landau is one of the three main protagonists in the novel, and the novel begins with his perspective in Berlin, 1938. Josef is a 12-year-old Jewish boy on the cusp of his bar mitzvah. He is the older brother of Ruthie, and the son of Aaron and Rachel Landau.
How does Josef die in refugee?
But perhaps Josef’s heaviest decision is the one he must make at the end of the novel: when Nazis give Rachel the choice of setting only one of her children free, Josef sacrifices himself in order to relieve Rachel from the burden of this choice and to spare Ruthie from the concentration camps.
Does Josef’s father die in refugee?
Drowned upside down. Josef’s father jumps into the ocean and when a policeman tries to help him, Josef’s father yells, “Let me die! Let me die!” Josef’s father survives.
What is the main conflict of refugee?
The main conflict in the book Refugee by Alan Gratz is that between the three children and the regimes from which they’re trying to escape. Adults would find such a conflict difficult to resolve, but as children, Josef, Isabel, and Mahmoud find it especially hard.
What is the climax of Josef in refugee?
For Josef, the climax comes when he makes a decision to join his mother and give his sister a chance at freedom. For Isabel, the climax is her safe arrival with her family in Florida. Mahmoud, similarly, finds a safe haven when he and his relatives reach Austria.
What is the main conflict for Josef in refugee?
Joseph. Conflict: Joseph, a young Jewish boy, and his family are in grave danger while the Nazis occupy Germany. Rising Action 1: Boarding the MS Saint Louis. A ship sailing to Cuba and freedom.
What is the climax of Refugee Mahmoud?
The climax for Mahmoud, Waleed, Hana, and their parents, Youssef and Fatima, arrives when they are finally able to leave Turkey and get on a boat bound for Greece. The word “boat” is generous, because the vessel that was to take them to safety and a new life turned out to be nothing more than a rubber raft.
Does Mahmoud find Hana?
Mahmoud and his mother struggle to survive in the Mediterranean but eventually the family is rescued by the Greek Coast Guard. They get to Lesbos and search for Hana, but do not find her. They go to Athens and decide to escape by crossing into Macedonia.
Does Alan Gratz pets?
Yes, and yes.
Why did Mahmoud leave Syria in refugee?
Mahmoud Bishara is a 12-year-old boy from Aleppo, Syria who lives in 2015 in the book Refugee. … Mahmoud’s family made the decision to leave Syria after their building gets bombed, and because of the long-term dangerous and violent conditions in Syria.