What are the main features of the Citizenship Act of 2003?

Answer: The 2003 Amendment mandated the Central Government to create and maintain a National Register of Citizens and to issue national identity cards to all the registered citizens. (l) The Central Government may compulsorily register every citizen of India and issue national identity card to him.

Who are the PIOs What rights do they enjoy as per the Citizenship Amendment Act 2003?

This amendment restricted the Indian citizenship to those born in India prior to 1987 to either a mother or a father who was an Indian citizen.

Who has been given dual citizenship by the Citizenship Act 2003?

On the occasion of first Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas on 9th January 2003 , former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee had made an announcement for grant of dual citizenship to PIOs . the necessary Legislation was introduced by the Government of India in Parliament in May, 2003.

When was the Citizenship Act passed?

The Bill was introduced in 17th Lok Sabha by the Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah on 9 December 2019 and was passed on 10 December 2019, with 311 MPs voting in favour and 80 against the Bill. The bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 11 December 2019 with 125 votes in favour and 105 votes against it.

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What is citizenship Amendment Act 1986?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 1986, passed by both houses of Parliament last fortnight, stipulates that it is no longer adequate to be born in India to be granted Indian citizenship. At the time of birth either one of the parents has to be an Indian citizen for the person to become a citizen of India.

How many times citizenship Act is amended?

The Indian legislation related to this matter is The Citizenship Act, 1955, which has been amended by the Citizenship (Amendment) Acts of 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2015 and 2019. The 1986 amendment restricted citizenship by birth to require that at least one parent had to be an Indian citizen.

What is dual citizenship act?

The Constitution of India does not allow holding Indian citizenship and citizenship of a foreign country simultaneously. Based on the recommendation of the High Level committee on Indian Diaspora, the Government of India decided to grant Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) commonly known as ‘dual citizenship’.

What is Dual Citizenship Act 2003?

Republic Act 9225 (RA 9225) or the Citizenship Retention and Re-acquisition Act of 2003 (more popularly known as the Dual Citizenship Law) allows natural-born Filipinos who have become naturalized citizens of another country to retain or re-acquire their Filipino citizenship.

What is citizenship Amendment Act 1955?

The Citizenship Act, 1955 prohibits illegal migrants from acquiring Indian citizenship. The Bill amends the Act to provide that the following minority groups will not be treated as illegal migrants: Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

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What is NRC Act?

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is an exercise by the Indian government to recognise and expel illegal immigrants pursuant to Section 14A of the Citizenship Act, 1955 read with the Foreigners Act, 1946. The government implemented the NRC in the north-eastern state of Assam, bordering Bangladesh.

Why is CAA wrong?

No matter which way you look at it, the CAA is a manifestly perverse piece of legislation. … It creates an arbitrary distinction between illegal immigrants on the basis of their religion – by granting benefits to some communities while entirely excluding Muslims.

Is CAA good or bad?

CAA violates Constitutional secular principles and is a violation of Articles 13, 14, 15, 16 and 21 which guarantee the right to equality, equality before the law and non-discriminatory treatment by the Indian State. … There is no way for a Muslim who is declared an ‘illegal migrant’ to get citizenship in India.

What is proof of citizenship in India?

Another Mumbai court held in 2019 that a passport is sufficient proof of citizenship. In National Human Rights Commission vs State of Arunachal Pradesh (1996), the Supreme Court clarified that a person can be registered as a citizen of India only if the requirements of section 5 are satisfied.

What is my citizenship in India?

A person born in India on or after 26th January 1950 but before 1st July, 1987 is citizen of India by birth irrespective of the nationality of his parents. considered citizen of India by birth if either of his parents is a citizen of India at the time of his birth.

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