Best answer: What is the Second Great Migration and why did this migration take place?

Dire economic conditions in the South necessitated the move to the North for many black families. The expansion of industrial production and the further mechanization of the agricultural industry, in part, spurred the Second Great Migration following the end of World War II.

What is known as the Second Great Migration?

In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than 5 million African Americans from the South to the Northeast, Midwest and West. It began in 1940, through World War II, and lasted until 1970.

What were the first and second great migrations?

The First and Second Great Migrations (1916–1925, and 1940-1970) marked the exodus of African Americans from the South to escape segregationist Jim Crow laws and find economic opportunity in other regions of the United States.

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What was the great migration and why did it occur?

The primary factors for migration among southern African Americans were segregation, an increase in the spread of racist ideology, widespread lynching (nearly 3,500 African Americans were lynched between 1882 and 1968), and lack of social and economic opportunities in the South.

Who is involved in the Second Great Migration?

About 4.3 million African Americans migrated out of the southern United States between 1940 and 1970, an exodus known as the Second Great Migration. The first Great Migration occurred when African Americans moved north in the first decades of the 1900s.

Why is the Second Great Migration important?

Dire economic conditions in the South necessitated the move to the North for many black families. The expansion of industrial production and the further mechanization of the agricultural industry, in part, spurred the Second Great Migration following the end of World War II.

What was the first great migration?

The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960. During the initial wave the majority of migrants moved to major northern cities such as Chicago, Illiniois, Detroit, Michigan, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and New York, New York.

Where do most black people live?

Cities with the highest percentage of African American people

Rank City Total African Americans
1 Detroit, MI 670,226
2 Gary, IN 75,282
4 Chester, PA 26,429
5 Miami Gardens, FL 81,776

Which were effects of the Second Great Migration in the 1960s?

Poverty, the lack of educational facilities for the children, rigid segregation and discrimination, and limited opportunities were all among the reasons that led some to look North. But the most important was the massive collapse of Southern agricultural employment.

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What was the impact of the Great Migration?

During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting racial prejudice as well as economic, political and social challenges to create a Black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come.

What were the causes of the Great Migration?

What are the push-and-pull factors that caused the Great Migration? Economic exploitation, social terror and political disenfranchisement were the push factors. The political push factors being Jim Crow, and in particular, disenfranchisement. Black people lost the ability to vote.

What causes migration?

People migrate for many different reasons. These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental: … political migration – moving to escape political persecution or war. environmental causes of migration include natural disasters such as flooding.

Why did the Second Great Awakening occur?

The Second Great Awakening was a U.S. religious revival that began in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century. … As a result of declining religious convictions, many religious faiths sponsored religious revivals. These revivals emphasized human beings’ dependence upon God.

Where did people move after WWII?

Following World War II, population patterns in the United States shifted in two primary ways: a move away from older cities in the Midwest and toward newer urban centers in the South; and a mass exodus from center cities to the suburbs. Automobiles and highways were both essential to suburban growth.

What event led to the second wave of African American migration to the West?

Migration resurged again during World War II (1939–45), when many of the same push-pull factors (including wartime job opportunities, restricted foreign immigration, and continued racial hostilities in the South) launched a second wave of African Americans from the South, many of them relocating as far as Los Angeles, …

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Population movement