White Australia policy, formally Immigration Restriction Act of 1901, in Australian history, fundamental legislation of the new Commonwealth of Australia that effectively stopped all non-European immigration into the country and that contributed to the development of a racially insulated white society.
Who did the Immigration Restriction Act 1901 affect?
One of the first pieces of legislation passed in the new Federal Parliament was the Immigration Restriction Act. Now known as the infamous White Australia Policy it made it very difficult for Asians and Pacific Islanders to migrate to Australia.
What did the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 do?
About the White Australia policy
The Immigration Restriction Act was one of the first Commonwealth laws passed after Federation. It was based on the existing laws of the colonies. The aim of the law was to limit non-white (particularly Asian) immigration to Australia, to help keep Australia ‘British’.
How did the Immigration Restriction Act change immigration to Australia?
The Immigration Restriction Act was replaced by the Migration Act 1958, which replaced the dictation test with a universal visa system (or entry permits), and removed many of the other restrictions, although many migrants from southern Europe and Asia were already living in Australia, some of them having arrived as …
What was the Immigration Restriction Act and when was it passed?
An Act to place certain restrictions on Immigration and to provide for the removal from the Commonwealth of prohibited Immigrants. [Assented to 23rd December, 1901.]
Immigration Restriction Act 1901.
|Date of Assent||23 Dec 1901|
|Repealed by||Migration Act 1958|
What is the Migration Act 1958 summary?
The Migration Act 1958 is an Act of the Parliament of Australia that governs immigration to Australia. It set up Australia’s universal visa system (or entry permits). … (Section 198) It covers those persons who do not have a valid visa to be in Australia, whether their valid visa has expired or was cancelled.
How did World War 2 impact on migration to Australia?
After World War II ended in May 1945 Europe was in chaos. … These people fled their countries which had been utterly destroyed by war or overran by the Soviet Union. Between 1947 and 1953 the Australian Government assisted over 170,000 Displaced Persons to migrate to Australia.
Why was the Immigration Restriction Act called the White Australia policy?
The Immigration Restriction Act 1901 was a landmark law which provided the cornerstone of the unofficial ‘White Australia’ policy and aimed to maintain Australia as a nation populated mainly by white Europeans.
What was the aim of the Pacific island Labourers Act 1901?
The Pacific Island Labourers Act 1901 was an Act of the Parliament of Australia which was designed to facilitate the mass deportation of nearly all the Pacific Islanders (called “Kanakas”) working in Australia, especially in the Queensland sugar industry.
Which act replaced the White Australia policy?
The Holt government, despite passing the 1966 laws, did not attempt to establish Australian migration offices in Asian countries or offer assistance for Asian migrants. In 1973 the Whitlam Labor government definitively renounced the White Australia policy.
What are the Immigration Act and the Pacific island Labourers act otherwise known as the White Australia policy?
The Act was intended as an instrument of mass deportation. It enabled deportation of most of the Pacific Islander workers as soon as possible after the end of 1906, but it encouraged them to emigrate before then. … The Act also imposed progressive limits on Pacific Islander immigration.
What was the White Australia immigration policy when did it end?
The Abolition of the White Australia Policy
In 1949, Australia passed laws allowing the refugees who had married Australians and Japanese war-brides to remain in the country.