Almost two million animals move across the Serengeti and Mara plains in search of food and water. Facing multiple dangers such as land predators and crocodiles the wildebeest complete an 800 km round trip during the migration.
Why does migration happen in Africa?
All of these herds make the trek with two things in mind: fresh grazing lands and water. “The smell of rain and sound of thunder spur the migration forward, but sometimes sideways and even back,” says David. Along the way, many migrating animals become prey to predators including lions, cheetahs, crocodiles and hyenas.
Why do African antelope migrate?
Some species of antelope migrate for food, so home is ever-changing for them. African addaxes follow the rain and travel great distances to dine on new plant growth. Thomson’s gazelles trail migrating wildebeest and zebras, eating the tender shoots the other animals leave behind.
Which land animals migrate in Africa?
Africa’s Animal Migrations
- GREAT WILDEBEEST MIGRATION, KENYA & TANZANIA. This is the big one – Africa’s most famous animal migration involves up to 1.5 million wildebeest and 200,000 zebra on the move. …
- KASANKA BAT MIGRATION, ZAMBIA. …
- ZEBRA MIGRATION, BOTSWANA. …
- HUMPBACK WHALE MIGRATION, MADAGASCAR. …
- FLAMINGO MIGRATION, KENYA.
Why do wildebeest migrate?
Why do the animals migrate? What the animals are in essence doing is following the rains in search of lush new grass. Taking advantage of the strongly seasonal conditions, the wildebeest are spending the wet season on the plains in the south-east, and the dry season in the woodlands of the north-west.
What are the three most significant African migration?
Although varied and mixed, intra-African migration is in general terms motivated by three main regional trends: labour migration in the west and central areas; movement of refugees in the eastern and southern areas; together with migration of skilled professionals from west and east to southern Africa.
What is the greatest animal migration?
Consisting of millions of animals, East Africa’s Great Migration is the largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world. Its stage encompasses some of the most breathtaking ecosystems on Earth, including the most well-known reserve on the continent (Serengeti National Park).
What are the fastest animals inhabit in Africa?
Cheetah. The world’s fastest land animal, reaching speeds of up to 70 mph/ 112 kmph, the cheetah is an exceptional animal to see on your safari, especially if you’re lucky enough to witness one on the hunt.
What are the largest herds in Africa?
The largest herds on record are those of the springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) during migration across the plains of western parts of southern Africa in the 19th century.
What is the biggest danger to the wildebeest when they begin their migration back home?
Thousands of the ungainly, horned animals fall prey to predators each year, while others perish from broken bones and drowning. One of the most hazardous moments comes when the herd must swim across the Mara River, shortly after passing from Tanzania into Kenya.
What month is the Great Migration?
July to November. This is traditionally thought of as the best season to view the migration. Between July and August, the wildebeest move into Kenya’s Maasai Mara, crossing the Mara River in large numbers. These river crossings are among the most sought-after moments of the migration.