What are the three stories in refugee?

Parents need to know that Refugee by Alan Gratz is a historical novel that braids the stories of three young refugees in three different time periods and settings: 1938 Berlin, 1994 Cuba, and 2015 Syria.

How are the three stories in refugee connected?

Refugee is about how 3 kids are trying to escape their homes to find safety. The book switches between each character’s perspective. … In the start of the book each character has something bad happen to them to make them leave their country. Josef’s dad was taken to the concentration camp in Germany for six months.

Who are the three main characters in refugee?


  • Three different kids.
  • One mission in common: ESCAPE.
  • Josef is a Jewish boy in 1930s Nazi Germany. With the threat of concentration camps looming, he and his family board a ship bound for the other side of the world…
  • Isabel is a Cuban girl in 1994. …
  • Mahmoud is a Syrian boy in 2015. …
  • A New York Times bestseller!
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Who are the three characters in refugee and what countries are they from?

The book’s three main characters — Josef, Isabel and Mahmoud — and their families all flee their respective home countries in Gratz’s novel. And Bethany wondered why, out of all the refugee situations throughout history, the author chose these three storylines.

What historical events happened in the book refugee?

Gratz’s book is deeply rooted in three periods of crisis: Nazi Germany just before World War II, the fallout of the Cold War in Cuba, and the Syrian Civil War following the Arab Spring. The MS St. Louis, on which Josef is a passenger in the novel, was a real ship that set sail from Nazi Germany to Cuba in 1939.

Did Mahmoud ever find Hana?

Mahmoud and his mother struggle to survive in the Mediterranean but eventually the family is rescued by the Greek Coast Guard. They get to Lesbos and search for Hana, but do not find her. They go to Athens and decide to escape by crossing into Macedonia.

Does Josef die in refugee?

Josef sacrifices himself in order to relieve his mother from the burden of this choice and to spare Ruthie from the concentration camps. Josef later dies in the camps, along with his mother.

Who is Amara in refugee?

Luis’s girlfriend. Amara joins Isabel and the other refugees on the boat to Miami after she and Luis desert the police force in Cuba. Ruthie’s husband; a fellow Holocaust survivor.

Did josefs dad die in refugee?

Drowned upside down. Josef’s father jumps into the ocean and when a policeman tries to help him, Josef’s father yells, “Let me die!

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Who is Josef in refugee?

Josef Landau is one of the three main protagonists in the novel, and the novel begins with his perspective in Berlin, 1938. Josef is a 12-year-old Jewish boy on the cusp of his bar mitzvah. He is the older brother of Ruthie, and the son of Aaron and Rachel Landau.

Why did Mahmoud leave Syria in refugee?

Mahmoud Bishara is a 12-year-old boy from Aleppo, Syria who lives in 2015 in the book Refugee. … Mahmoud’s family made the decision to leave Syria after their building gets bombed, and because of the long-term dangerous and violent conditions in Syria.

Why did Josef leave Germany?

In Josef’s country of origin, Germany, he is being discriminated against and being beaten for being Jewish. Life is so awful for Jews in Nazi Germany, so his family decides they need to leave.

Is the book refugee a movie?

Artist, activist and director Ai Weiwei captures the global refugee crisis – the greatest human displacement since World War II – I in this breathtakingly epic film journey HUMAN FLOW.

What is the main idea of Chapter 5 in refugee?

As people evacuate Paris to escape the approaching Germans, Julien sends Isabelle to stay with Vianne in Carriveau despite Isabelle’s objection that she wants to stay and fight against the Germans.

Population movement